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Extasy of Saint Catherine of Siena

Workshop of Carracci Agostino

Bologna 1557 - Parma 1602)

This canvas depicts a well-known episode in the life of Catherine of Siena, when at the end of her life the saint revealed the sacred stigmata to the world, received as a gift during an ecstatic vision in 1375. According to the Legenda maior sanctae Catharinae Senensis, the mystic expressly asked her divine spouse to make the wounds invisible, secretly reliving the pain in her soul.

The saint is represented here with her typical iconographic attributes – the Dominican habit, the crown of thorns, the heart, the crucifix, the fleur-de-lis and the more unusual maniple - while she is lifeless and supported by two angels.

 


Object details

Inventory
058
Location
Date
Fine XVI - Inizi XVII secolo
Classification
Period
Medium
oil on canvas
Dimensions
cm 90 x 69
Frame

Salvator Rosa, 108 x 89 x 7 cm

Provenance

Rome, Borghese Collection, 1790 (Inv. 1790, room VII, no. 126); Inventario Fidecommissario, 1833, pp. 15-16; purchased by Italian state, 1902.

 

Exhibitions
  • 2009-2010 Roma, Palazzo Venezia.
Conservation and Diagnostic
  • 1958 Alvaro Esposti (pulitura, stuccatura lacune, ripresa di colore e verniciatura finale).

Commentary

The first mention of this painting in the context of the Borghese Collection dates to 1790, when it was recorded in the inventory of that year as a work by the well-known Bolognese painter Agostino Carracci, brother of Annibale and cousin of Ludovico. While the attribution of the work to Agostino was confirmed in the Inventario Fidecommissario of 1833, it was called into question by both Giovanni Piancastelli (1891) and Adolfo Venturi (1893), who rather saw in it the hand of Ludovico; similarly, Heinrich Bodmer (1939) ascribed it to the school of Ludovico. Roberto Longhi (1928), meanwhile, wrote of a ‘derivation from a model by Annibale rather than by Ludovico’.

In 1955, Paola della Pergola published the work, attributing it to Agostino Carracci without reservations; her opinion has been accepted by all critics (Stefani 2000; Herrmann Fiore 2006; Terribili 2009), with the exception of Stephen E. Ostrow (1966).

The painting certainly reveals Agostino’s interest in those ‘motions of the soul’ which he studied above all in Correggio’s works. In works such as this one, intended for private worship, he reproduced that intense pathos which implicitly invites the observer to participate in the gravity of the scene.

Antonio Iommelli




Bibliography
  • G. Piancastelli, Catalogo dei quadri della Galleria Borghese, in Archivio Galleria Borghese, 1891, p. 179; 
  • A. Venturi, Il Museo e la Galleria Borghese, Roma 1893, p. 63; 
  • R. Longhi, Precisioni nelle Gallerie Italiane, I, La R. Galleria Borghese, Roma 1928, p. 182; 
  • H. Bodmer, Ludovico Carracci, Burg 1939, p. 142; 
  • P. della Pergola, La Galleria Borghese. I Dipinti, I, Roma 1955, pp. 18-19, n. 11; 
  • S.E. Ostrow, Agostino Carracci, tesi di dottorato (New York University), III, New York 1966, p. 343; 
  • R. Longhi, Saggi e ricerche 1925-28. Precisioni nelle gallerie italiane. La Galleria Borghese, Firenze 1967, p. 317-335; 
  • C. Stefani in P. Moreno, C. Stefani, Galleria Borghese, Milano 2000, p. 388; 
  • K. Herrmann Fiore, Galleria Borghese Roma scopre un tesoro. Dalla pinacoteca ai depositi un museo che non ha più segreti, San Giuliano Milanese 2006, p. 25; 
  • C. Terribile, in Il potere e la grazia. I santi patroni d’Europa, catalogo della mostra (Roma, Palazzo Venezia, 2009), a cura di A. Geretti, Milano 2009, p. 241.